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Corticosteroid Mnemonics in Pharmacology for Medical  and Dental Professional Exams ,Session 1
 
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This video deals with Quick n easy way to memorise about Corticosteroid drugs.Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones. Two main classes of corticosteroids, glucocorticoidsand mineralocorticoids, are involved in a wide range of physiologic processes, including stress response, immune response, and regulation of inflammation, carbohydratemetabolism, protein catabolism, blood electrolyte levels, and behavior.[1]Synthetic pharmaceutical drugs with corticosteroid-like effects are used in a variety of conditions, ranging from brain tumors to skin diseases. Dexamethasone and its derivatives are almost pure glucocorticoids, while prednisone and its derivatives have some mineralocorticoid action in addition to the glucocorticoid effect. Fludrocortisone(Florinef) is a synthetic mineralocorticoid. Hydrocortisone (cortisol) is typically used for replacement therapy, e.g. for adrenal insufficiency and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Medical conditions treated with systemic corticosteroids:[3][4] Allergy and respirology medicineAsthma (severe exacerbations)Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)Allergic rhinitisAtopic dermatitisHivesAngioedemaAnaphylaxisFood allergiesDrug allergiesNasal polypsHypersensitivity pneumonitisSarcoidosisEosinophilic pneumoniaInterstitial lung diseaseDermatologyPemphigus vulgarisContact dermatitisEndocrinology (usually at physiologic doses)Adrenal insufficiencyCongenital adrenal hyperplasiaGastroenterologyUlcerative colitisCrohn’s diseaseAutoimmune hepatitisHematologyLymphomaLeukemiaHemolytic anemiaIdiopathic thrombocytopenic purpuraMultiple MyelomaRheumatology/ImmunologyRheumatoid arthritisSystemic lupus erythematosusPolymyalgia rheumaticaPolymyositisDermatomyositisPolyarteritisVasculitisOphthalmologyUveitisKeratoconjunctivitisOther conditionsMultiple sclerosisOrgan transplantationNephrotic syndromeChronic hepatitis (flare ups)Cerebral edemaIgG4-related diseaseProstate cancerTendinosisLichen planus Topical formulations are also available for the skin, eyes (uveitis), lungs (asthma), nose (rhinitis), and bowels. Corticosteroids are also used supportively to prevent nausea, often in combination with 5-HT3 antagonists (e.g.ondansetron). Typical undesired effects of glucocorticoids present quite uniformly as drug-induced Cushing's syndrome. Typical mineralocorticoid side-effects are hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure), hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood), hypernatremia (high sodium levels in the blood) without causing peripheral edema, metabolic alkalosis and connective tissue weakness.[5] Wound healing or ulcer formation may be ibhibited by the immunosuppressive effects. Clinical and experimental evidence indicates that corticosteroids can cause permanent eye damage by inducing central serous retinopathy (CSR, also known as central serous chorioretinopathy, CSC).[6] A variety of steroid medications, from anti-allergy nasal sprays (Nasonex, Flonase) to topical skin creams, to eye drops (Tobradex), to prednisone have been implicated in the development of CSR.[7][8] Corticosteroids have been widely used in treating people with traumatic brain injury.[9] A systematic review identified 20 randomised controlled trials and included 12,303 participants, then compared patients who received corticosteroids with patients who received no treatment. The authors recommended people with traumatic head injury should not be routinely treated with corticosteroids.[10] Use of corticosteroids has numerous side-effects, some of which may be severe: Neuropsychiatric: steroid psychosis,[13] and anxiety,[14] depression. Therapeutic doses may cause a feeling of artificial well-being ("steroid euphoria").[15] The neuropsychiatric effects are partly mediated by sensitization of the body to the actions of adrenaline. Therapeutically, the bulk of corticosteroid dose is given in the morning to mimic the body's diurnal rhythm; if given at night, the feeling of being energized will interfere with sleep. An extensive review is provided by Flores and Gumina.[16]Cardiovascular: Corticosteroids can cause sodium retention through a direct action on the kidney, in a manner analogous to the mineralocorticoid aldosterone. This can result in fluid retention and hypertension.Metabolic: Corticosteroids cause a movement of body fat to the face and torso, resulting respectively in "moon face" and "buffalo hump". and away from the limbs. Due to the diversion of amino-acids to glucose, they are considered anti-anabolic, and long term therapy can cause muscle wasting[17]Endocrine: By increasing the production of glucose from amino-acid breakdown and opposing the action of insulin, corticosteroids can cause hyperglycemia,[18] insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus.[19]Skeletal: Steroid-induced osteoporosis may be a side-effect of long-term corticosteroid use. Use of inhaled corticosteroids amon
Просмотров: 2384 Dr Anshuman Tripathi
Shortness of Breath - patients wait 2 years & spend $150K to find real cause (5)
 
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Shortness of breath? Learn more and get a better lung disease treatment plan with top experts. Visit our Online Expert Centers at https://diagnosticdetectives.com/expert-centers/ Exclusive interview / Dr. Anton Titov MD and Professor Dr. Aaron Waxman MD, leading pulmonary arterial hypertension, right heart failure and lung disease expert. Find out exact cause if you have shortness of breath - get a precise diagnosis and best treatment for shortness of breath root cause. - Becoming short of breath is a common symptom, and shortness of breath has many causes. One of those causes could be pulmonary arterial hypertension, a relatively rare situation, but nevertheless a very important disease. How to recognize causes of shortness of breath correctly? So I think that's an important fundamental question because so many people who do complain of shortness of breath are kind of given a diagnosis without a lot of evaluation. And because of that and also because we wanted to actually discover patients with pulmonary hypertension earlier in their disease, we about seven years ago now set up a Dyspnea Evaluation Program. And what we learned very quickly is, #1, that shortness of breath as a complaint is probably second only to pain when people go to their doctors. Whether they go to their primary care, whether they go to a cardiologist or a pulmonologist. And generally those are the three kind of doctors that people with shortness of breath go to. We then learned very quickly that if you're young - and by young I mean less than 55, you'll often be told "Oh, it's asthma". And without any evaluation you'll be given inhalers and sent on your way. If those inhalers don't work - you don't have asthma. But still people were treated [incorrectly, as if they had asthma] If you are older than 55, you were often told you either had COPD [Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease] or probably heart failure. And if you think about it, all three of those diseases are actually very easy to diagnose and rule out, which many of these patients didn't have. So we actually found that when we talk about unexplained dyspnea [shortness of breath], or unexplained exertional intolerance, we only need three tests to put patients into that category. And if they've had pulmonary function testing that is either normal or doesn't explain their limitation, if they've had an echocardiogram that doesn't explain their limitation or is normal and some sort of chest imaging, which whether it's a chest radiograph or a CT scan. Most patients aren't symptomatic at rest. So to expect any of these tests to tell you why someone is short of breath when it's not an obvious problem is asking a lot of the tests. So we actually developed a program here based on invasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing, where we put in a right heart catheter and we specifically use a Paceport Swan-Ganz catheter, so that we can measure pressures out of the right atrium, right ventricle, and pulmonary artery, we wedge that catheter every minute during the test. And we can get a left atrial pressure. And then we also put in a radial artery catheter to measure pressure. And we can then sample blood from both of these catheters. And then we do a full cardiopulmonary exercise test. And it's an incremental load test, so we start out at rest and then we'll do about two minutes of unloaded cycling and then we'll do a ramp protocol depending on the patient's abilities to peak exercise. And then we'll also collect data on the recovery phase, and then usually one hour later we'll get one last set of blood samples. So every minute of this test we're capturing the waveforms off the catheters, we are sampling the catheters, we're measuring gas exchange continuously. So we truly have access to Fick principle physiology.
Просмотров: 42 DiagnosticDetectives
BETNESOL Tablet Uses Composition Side Effect Precaution How To Uses & Review
 
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BETNESOL Tablet Uses Composition Side Effect Precaution How To Uses & Review Betamethasone is a steroid medication. It is used for a number of diseases including rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, skin diseases such as dermatitis and psoriasis, allergic conditions such as asthma and angioedema, preterm labor to speed the development of the baby's lungs, Crohn's disease, cancers such as leukemia, and along with fludrocortisone for adrenocortical insufficiency, among others. It can be taken by mouth BETNESOL Tablet costs only 9 rs for 20 tablet BETNESOL Tablet is gsk formulation BETNESOL Tablet contains betamethasone side effects include an increased risk of infection, muscle weakness, severe allergic reactions, and psychosis. Long-term use may cause adrenal insufficiency. Stopping the medication suddenly following long-term use may be dangerous Side effects Euphoria Depression Adrenal suppression Hypertension Groupings of fine blood vessels becoming prominent under the skin, petechiae Excessive hair growth (hypertrichosis) Ecchymoses Prolonged use of this medicine on extensive areas of skin, broken or raw skin, skin folds, or underneath airtight dressings may on rare occasions result in enough corticosteroid being absorbed to have side effects on other parts of the body; for example, by causing a decrease in the production of natural hormones by the adrenal glands. Betamethasone is also used prior to delivery of a preterm baby to help prepare the lungs for breathing. However, because betamethasone crosses the placenta, which is required for its beneficial effects, it may also be associated with complications, such as hypoglycemia and leukocytosis in newborns exposed in utero. When injected into the epidural space or the spine, it may cause serious side effects like loss of vision, stroke, and paralysis #onlinemedicine,#medicine,#ayurveda,#ayurved ,#Ayurvedic
Просмотров: 162485 Medicine Reviews
Hypertension - CRASH! Medical Review Series
 
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(Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for physician medical licensing exam review purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should consult your physician or seek immediate medical attention.)
Просмотров: 35295 Paul Bolin, M.D.
Aldosterone raises blood pressure and lowers potassium | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
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See how Aldosterone effects the principal cells of the kidney to raise BP and lower potassium. Rishi is a pediatric infectious disease physician and works at Khan Academy. Created by Rishi Desai. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-renal-system/rn-renal-regulation-of-blood/v/aldosterone-removes-acid-from-the-blood?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-renal-system/rn-renal-regulation-of-blood/v/angiotensin-2-raises-blood-pressure?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Просмотров: 264502 khanacademymedicine
Antenatal Betamethasone ALPS TRIAL
 
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Antenatal Betamethasone ALPS TRIAL. All New Antenatal Betamethasone recommendations stemming from the findings of the ALPS Trial. Connect with us! www.owellemd.com DISCLAIMER OwelleMD.com and this video is an information resource to be used for educational purposes only. The information is not intended to serve as a substitute for professional medical advice and we recommend that all decisions about your treatment or products you wish to use should be discussed with your doctor.
Просмотров: 774 OwelleMD
Fluorine
 
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Fluorine is a chemical element with the symbol F and atomic number 9. It is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive: almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine. Among the elements, fluorine ranks 24th in universal abundance and 13th in terrestrial abundance. Fluorite, the primary mineral source of fluorine, was first described in 1529; as it was added to metal ores to lower their melting points for smelting, the Latin verb fluo meaning "flow" became associated with it. Proposed as an element in 1810, fluorine proved difficult and dangerous to separate from its compounds, and several early experimenters died or sustained injuries from their attempts. Only in 1886 did French chemist Henri Moissan isolate elemental fluorine using low-temperature electrolysis, a process still employed for modern production. Industrial synthesis of fluorine gas for uranium enrichment, its largest application, began during the Manhattan Project in World War II. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Просмотров: 1182 Audiopedia
Dr.Ahmed Abd El-Rahman - Hormones 4 - TopicCorticosteroids - Part 2
 
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Subject : Pharmacology Tuesday - 18th, March 2014 Contents :- * Corticosteroids - Aldosterone - Des-Oxy-Corticosterone - Fludrocortisone Acetate *ACTH -Hydrocortisone *Theraputic uses of Glucocorticoids
Просмотров: 3469 Kasr Al-Ainy - 3rd Year (2011-2017) Channel
Addison's disease
 
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Addison's disease is a rare, chronic endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones . It is characterised by a number of relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, but under certain circumstances, these may progress to Addisonian crisis, a severe illness which may include very low blood pressure and coma. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Просмотров: 2422 encyclopediacc
Ventipulmin - Drs. Foster and Smith Pet Prescription Medications
 
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Animal prescription medications are available through Drs. Foster and Smith's Free-Shipping Pharmacy at prices lower than your vet for the exact same product. We'll call to get the prescription for you, and ship it out FREE. Drs. Foster and Smith Inc. is fully licensed in all 50 states. This medication can be ordered at http://www.drsfostersmith.com/product/prod_display.cfm?pcatid=16499
Просмотров: 1424 Drs. Foster and Smith Pet Supplies
Fluoroquinolone Meaning
 
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Video is created with the help of wikipedia, if you are looking for accurate, professional translation services and efficient localization you can use Universal Translation Services https://www.universal-translation-services.com?ap_id=ViragGNG Video shows what fluoroquinolone means. Any of a class of antibiotics derived from nalidixic acid.. Fluoroquinolone Meaning. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. How to say fluoroquinolone. Made with MaryTTS and Wiktionary
Просмотров: 409 ADictionary
25: Antenatal Steroids - Part 1
 
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In this episode Dr. Øystein Bergøy discusses the evidence behind antenatal corticosteroids for women at risk for preterm delivery.  feedback@obgyn.fm Uptodate articles on RDS 1 2 3   Liggins 1972 paper 2013 cochrane analysis on type of steroid and regimens 2017 cochrane analysis of antenatal corticosteroids for accelerating fetal lung maturation    2015 cochrane analysis of repeat antenatal corticosteroids 2003 meta analysis of the effects of a single course corticosteroid compared to placebo/no treatment were delivery was 7 days or more after the treatment was given website of the EPICE cohort Study from EPICE looking at effects of steroids and time to delivery  ACOG guidelines on fetal maturation  NICE guidelines on risk of premature labour Norwegian guidelines on risk of premature labour
Просмотров: 90 The Ob/Gyn Podcast
Hormonal Imbalance | On Call with the Prairie Doc | April 12, 2018
 
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Dr. Rick Holm, The Prairie Doc, is joined by Mark Oppenheimer, M.D., to discuss Hormonal Imbalance. They touch on the normal hormone functions of thyroid, pancreas, adrenal gland, pituitary, when there is too much or too little hormone. The will also talk about what treatments are available to slow down hormone excess, or replace hormone depletion. Mark J. Oppenheimer, M.D. has been practicing endocrinology in Sioux Falls since 1989. He opened Oppenheimer Endocrinology in 2005. Since then, the practice has grown to serve patients across the Midwest. Dr. Oppenheimer is also a clinical associate professor at the Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota. Learn more: https://www.PrairieDoc.org Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ThePrairieDoc Follow us on Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/ThePrairieDoc Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ThePrairieDoc
Просмотров: 52 The Prairie Doc
How to Pronounce Atrovent Nasal Spray .06
 
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This video shows you how to pronounce Atrovent Nasal Spray .06
Просмотров: 71 Pronunciation Guide